32nd Government of the State of Israel Headed by Benjamin Netanyahu (March 31, 2009)
Presented to the Knesset on March 31, 2009 and received the Knesset’s approval on March 31, 2009 at 11:15 p.m. with a majority vote of 69 votes for and 45 votes against.
At the time of its swearing-in, the Government Coalition was comprised as follows:
- Likud 27 mandates
- Yisrael Beitaynu 15 mandates
- Labor 13 mandates
- Shas 11 mandates
- Habayit Hayehudi 3 mandates
Following is the Government composition on the day of its swearing-in:
BENJAMIN NETANYAHU Prime Minister
Minister for Economic Strategies
Minister for Senior Citizens
Minister of Health
Minister of Science, Culture and Sport
SILVAN SHALOM Vice Prime Minister
Minister for Regional Cooperation
Minister for the Development of the Negev and the Galilee
DAN MERIDOR Deputy Prime Minister
Minister Responsible for Intelligence Services and the Atomic Energy Commission
MOSHE YA’ALON Vice Prime Minister
EHUD BARAK Deputy Prime Minister
Minister of Defense
ELI YISHAI Deputy Prime Minister
Minister of the Interior
AVIGDOR LIEBERMAN Deputy Prime Minister
Minister of Foreign Affairs
YULI EDELSTEIN Minister
YITZHAK AHARONOVITZ Minister of Internal Security
ARIEL ATIAS Minister of Construction and Housing
MICHAEL EITAN Minister Responsible for Improving the Government Service to the Public
GILAD ERDAN Minister of Environmental Protection Responsible for liaising between the Government and the Knesset
ZE'EV B. BEGIN Minister
AVISHAI BRAVERMAN Minister Responsible for Minority Affairs
BINYAMIN BEN-ELIEZER Minister of Industry, Trade and Labor
YITZHAK HERZOG Minister of Welfare and Social Services
DANIEL HERSHKOVITZ Minister
MOSHE KAHLON Minister of Communications
ISRAEL KATZ Minister of Transportation and Road Safety
LIMOR LIVNAT Minister
UZI LANDAU Minister of National Infrastructures
SOFA LANDVER Minister of Immigrant Absorption
STAS MISEJNIKOV Minister of Tourism
YAAKOV MARGI Minister of Religious Services
YAAKOV NE’EMAN Minister of Justice
MESHULAM NAHARI Minister
GIDEON SA'AR Minister of Education
YOSSI PELED Minister
YUVAL SHTEINITZ Minister of Finance
SHALOM SIMHON Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development
On April 6, 2009, the following announcement was submitted to the Knesset:
“In the course of the Prime Minister’s statement of March 31, 2009 while presenting the Government, a mistake was made when Minister Silvan Shalom was presented as the Vice Prime Minister, Minister for Regional Development and Minister for Development of the Negev and the Galilee. His actual title reads: Vice Prime Minister, Minister for Regional Cooperation and Minister for Development of the Negev and the Galilee.”
It should be noted that when the Government was established, there was not a Ministry for Economic Strategies. The Prime Minister bore the title “Minister for Economic Strategies” without a ministry.
It should be further noted that when the Prime Minister presented his Government to the Knesset and even upon presentation of the aforementioned correction – a Ministry for Regional Cooperation did not exist. Minister Silvan Shalom bore the aforementioned title without a ministry. Regarding the establishment of the Ministry for Regional Development – see below.
On April 20, 2009, the Government resolved (in Resolution No. 24) to divide the Ministry of Science, Culture and Sport into two ministries:
*The Ministry of Science and Technology
*The Ministry of Culture and Sport
The Government further resolved in the aforementioned Resolution to change the distribution of roles and determined that:
*Minister Limor Livnat will serve as the Minister for Culture and Sport
*Minister Daniel Hershkovitz will serve as Minister of Science and Technology
The aforementioned Government Resolutions regarding the division of the Ministry of Science, Culture and Sport, as well as that regarding the changes in the distribution of roles in the Government, were approved by the Knesset on May 6, 2009.
It should be mentioned that until the Knesset’s approval as aforementioned, the Prime Minister bore the title of “Minister of Science, Culture and Sport”, from the day the Government was formed on March 31, 2009, until May 6, 2009.
On May 3, 2009, the Government resolved to establish three new ministries, and to redistribute roles in the Government as follows:
*The Ministry for Strategic Affairs, to be headed by Vice Prime Minister Moshe Ya’alon, who will hereafter be called Vice Prime Minister and Minister of Strategic Affairs (Resolution No. 69 of May 3, 2009).
*The Ministry for Intelligence, to be headed by Deputy Prime Minister Dan Meridor, who will hereafter be called Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Intelligence (Resolution No. 70 of May 3, 2009).
*The Ministry for Public Diplomacy and the Diaspora, to be headed by Minister Yuli Edelstein, who will hereafter be called Minister for Public Diplomacy and the Diaspora (Resolution No. 71 of May 3, 2009).
The aforementioned Government Resolutions were approved by the Knesset on May 6, 2009.
During the Government Meeting on May 24, 2009, the Prime Minister announced that Minister Meshulam Nahari will be responsible for Social Affairs and Israel’s Heritage.
On June 7, 2009, the Government resolved to establish a Ministry for Regional Cooperation, and determined that the Vice Prime Minister and Minister for Development of the Negev and the Galilee, Minister Silvan Shalom, would serve as Minister of Regional Cooperation as well (Resolution No. 346 of June 7, 2009).
The aforementioned Government Resolution was approved by the Knesset on June 10, 2009.
The Government passed Resolution No. 2246 changing the name of the Ministry for Pensioner Affairs to the Ministry for Senior Citizens, and the title of the Minister for Pensioner Affairs to the Minister for Senior Citizens.
The Government passed Resolution No. 3943 on December 15, 2011, changing the name of the Ministry of National Infrastructures to the Ministry of Energy and Water Resources, and the title of the Minister of National Infrastructures to the Minister of Energy and Water Resources.
The Government passed Resolution No. 4062 on January 5, 2012, changing the name of the Ministry of Transport and Road Safety to the Ministry of Transport, National Infrastructures and Road Safety, and the title of the Minister of Transport and Road Safety to the Minister of Transport, National Infrastructures and Road Safety.
During March and April of 2012, the political arena was in upheaval because of rumors that the elections were being brought forward.
Several factions introduced private bills to dissolve the Knesset. According to the media, the motivation behind this idea was a buildup of difficulties and decisions facing the Government, such as the annulment of the Tal Law by the High Court of Justice; the ruling of the High Court of Justice on the construction on Palestinian land in Migron and the Ulpana Hill neighborhood of Beit El and the decision that the buildings built on those lands must be evacuated; as well as the requirement to finalize the 2013 budget – one that would necessitate significant cutbacks.
In the beginning of May, the political system determined that elections for the 19th Knesset would take place on September 4, 2012.
On May 6, 2012, in its weekly meeting, the Government approved the proposed bill for dissolving the Knesset, and authorized the Ministerial Committee on Legislation to draft the bill and immediately present it to the Knesset.
The bill was approved in its first reading on Monday, May 7, 2012, and was submitted to the Knesset Committee for second and third readings.
Meanwhile, secret meetings were being held regarding the Kadima faction joining the Government.
The agreement signed between the Kadima and Likud factions early Tuesday morning, May 8, 2012, determined that Kadima would join the Government, and that MK Shaul Mofaz would become Vice Prime Minister in the Government. This move brought an end to the early elections.
On May 8, 2012, , in a vote conducted by phone, the Government approved the joining of MK Shaul Mofaz to the Government as an additional minister with the title of Vice Prime Minister (Resolution No. 4597).
On May 9, 2012, the Knesset approved the Government Resolution, and Minister Shaul Mofaz was sworn-in to office.